Staying hydrated is highly beneficial to several aspects of your health. The benefits of drinking enough water are many and varied, helping you maintain a healthy weight, improve your moods and brain function, and so much more. 

While these benefits are well-established, not all types of water have them. Here is a guide to the major types of water:

Tap Water

Tap water is the type of water from a piped water supply usually provided by the local government authority. 

Pros:

It is one of the cheapest and the most readily available types of water that you can drink. What’s more, beneficial minerals such as fluoride are sometimes added to tap water to reduce tooth decay. 

Cons:

Quite a lot of people are skeptical about drinking tap water because of safety concerns. It doesn’t help that instances like the water crisis in Flint, Michigan showed that safety regulations put in place by bodies like the CDC aren’t always followed. 

However, the truth is that tap water is generally safe to drink, especially across states in the US. If you want to be extra sure that your tap water is well treated, you could invest in a home filtration system. 

Distilled Water

Sometimes referred to as demineralized water, this kind of water is obtained when water is heated to its boiling point, and the steam is collected and allowed to cool down. It is one of the purest forms of water available as every possible contaminant is removed from it. It contains no minerals, nutrients, microbes, etc.

Pros 

As it is so pure that it is almost sterile, it is suitable for use in places like pharmacies and laboratories. If you want to drink the purest of waters or visit a site where the supply of tap water is not safe to drink, distilled water is a great option. 

Cons

Because it contains no extra minerals or nutrients, distilled water has no health benefits. Drinking too much of it can potentially be harmful as demineralized water tends to pick up minerals with which it comes into contact. For instance, it can leech minerals from tissues such as your teeth. A report from the WHO also suggests that it is not advisable to drink completely demineralized water continually.

Mineral Water

As its name suggests, this kind of water comes loaded with minerals such as magnesium and calcium. It is obtained from protected groundwater sources such as a mineral spring. 

Pros

As it supplies minerals that your body cannot produce independently, it has some health benefits. It also has a unique taste that some people prefer to other types of waters – which could encourage you to drink more. 

Cons

It can be expensive. Plus, most of the minerals it offers can be obtained from a healthy, balanced diet. 

Hydrogen Water

Hydrogen water is simply water to which extra hydrogen molecules have been added. 

Pros

Claims have been made that extra hydrogen molecules’ presence produces water with anti-inflammatory effects and immune-boosting properties. It is also said that hydrogen water improves digestion and increases cellular repair. However, most of the studies around these claims are inconclusive. 

Cons

Because of the number of benefits this type of water is said to provide, it can be quite pricey. 

Alkaline Water

In general, regular drinking water has a neutral pH of 7. Alkaline water is water that has a pH of 8 or more. 

Pros

Alkaline water has gained a lot of popularity because of studies pointing to health benefits associated with an alkaline diet. Alkaline water has been shown to improve bone health, combat acid reflux, and improve cardiovascular health. 

Cons

Because of its alkaline pH, it can reduce stomach acid acidity and consequently decrease its ability to destroy harmful bacteria. Also, drinking too much alkaline water can lead to a condition called metabolic alkalosis. Lastly, it can be a costly option. 

There are pros and cons to whatever type of water you choose to drink. More research is needed to conclusively say that a particular kind of water is best for your health. For now, ensuring that you are drinking enough water daily is more important than the type of water that you choose to drink.