Water is an important component of human livelihoods and human lives, water is the key to health, economic growth, food and ecosystem in which many people take for granted. When we are talking about water, most people don’t know water is an irreplaceable thing they’ve gotten until it’s gone.

An example of a good water’s potent role is India. People in this growing economic lack access to reliable water supply. Around about 600 million of India population encounter high water stress. The levels of groundwater are dropping very fast in the northwestern part of India than any part of the Earth.

There are global impact on water stress which includes lack of fresh/clean water for the people which destroys ecosystems on which we all depend and causes poverty and distress.

 Ensuring adequate provision and access to water as one of the human right involves several steps in making it comes to reality for everyone. These steps includes:

Physically Accessible

Everybody should have access to water that is physically available within the area or immediate vicinity of their household, institution and workplace. Small adjustment to water can be ensured that the needs of the women, disabled, children and elderly are not overlooked, thus improving the overall quality for all.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), water sources should be within 1,000 meters from home and the time for collection should be around 30 minutes.


Water and its facilities and services must be affordable and available for everybody (even for the poorest). Water cost for the household should not exceed 3 percent of the household income, this means that the services for water should not affect people’ capability to get other important things like housing, food education and house services.


A safe water is required for personal and domestic use, water containing micro-organisms, chemical substances and are threat to human life. Everyone is entitled to drinking safe water and order to ensure this, a substantial hygienic education is needed.


Water provision must be continuous and sufficient for human use. These uses includes personal sanitation, drinking, food preparation, clothes cleaning and so on. According to WHO (World Health Organization) 50-100 liters of water is needed per day by an individual to ensure that most basic needs are met.