Drinkable water is water that is chemically tested as clean and safe for human consumption. The clear water is, does not necessarily make it clean and safe. For water to become drinkable, it has to undergo a lot of processing and chemical reactions. The end product of these reactions is the clean and drinkable water. This form of water is readily available in urban areas and is usually distributed by an underground piping system to every home. This is one of the major differences between an urban community and rural community water system.

Rural communities are small communities which lack some basic amenities, like electricity, tarred roads, fire protection, security, clean water, etc. the rural community is more like a village per say. It consists of a group people living together in a small area of land. The people are usually uneducated and engage in crafts, fishing, farming, and other artisan jobs for a living. They are constantly exposed to sickness, diseases, wild animals, and have a high mortality rate.

Most rural communities lack drinkable water, having rivers, streams, and lakes as their major source of water. These large bodies of water are not safe for drinking as they are easily contaminated by debris, animals, and the people of the rural community. These large water bodies are where they take their bath in, wash their clothes, and feed their animals. These immensely contaminate the water bodies, making them very unsafe for use. Having these water bodies as only and major sources of water in the rural communities, the people of the rural communities have no other choice but to use the water from these source for their basic domestic uses like drinking, cooking, taking their bath, washing, etc.

Some rural areas have wells, but some of these wells are not tested and are usually contaminated. Most of these wells are dug instead of being drilled. This contaminates the water in the well and makes it a hazard to human health if drunk.

There are majorly to primary sources of drinking water; underground water and surface water. Surface water, which includes lakes, rivers, streams, and reservoirs, are of poor quality and contaminated most of the time because they are constantly exposed to the open atmosphere and the activities of man. They need a very extensive treatment to make them drinkable. Underground water, however, is of a better quality than surface water because it is constantly covered by the earth, and is not exposed to the atmosphere and the activities of man. Underground water is not always clean as it can easily be contaminated by agricultural runoff, and disposal of liquid